Agile and traditional project management – a meeting of minds?
Project Management How agile is project management in 2017? There seems to be a discrepancy in the way agile is perceived and adopted.
In our latest PPM Benchmark Study, the results suggest a discrepancy between project managers and the organisations they work for in the way agile is perceived and adopted.
The majority of project managers continue to be enthusiastic about agile, with 77% recognising value in agile working methods. However, fewer than half (46%) of project management functions and only 39% of organisations overall have a “significant appetite” for agile.
Senior management are still sceptical
Project managers who shared detailed views with us said that senior management remain sceptical about agile, seeing it as a short cut around controls and sign-off that goes against their understanding of project management protocols.
Yet, despite this persisting “agile disconnect” between practitioners and employers the gap between them is narrowing when comparing this year’s and last year’s study results.
Where does agile project management go now?
In my role as Head of Product Development I care about delivery, and agile is an exciting delivery mechanism that I’m passionate about. However, agile is not the only way to work and we need to select the delivery approach that offers the greatest benefit to the project.
The relative lack of support for agile at organisational level is a shared responsibility among the agile and traditional project management communities.
Agile has been fighting to get a foothold and has taken some extreme views at times, challenging the validity of traditional working methods and sometimes belittling the role of governance in project management. Good governance is something that senior management needs and it allows senior management to maintain confidence in the management of portfolios and individual projects. Meanwhile, some project managers have remained stubbornly traditional.
Decision makers' reluctance
Equally, organisations have been perhaps reluctant to introduce agile as a stand-alone concept due to an apparent lack of governance. In fact, the opposite is true with even more governance being applied, but at the delivery team level rather than at the senior level.
What we need is a normalisation process that shows how both sides bring something to the party. Ultimately, the respective approaches need to be tied together and appropriate for the job in hand. It’s about the best solution for both delivery and good governance to obtain the right outcomes.
There also seems to be senior management reluctance to embrace agile, missing a trick in improving project management results: In agile delivery, if you conduct a retrospective today then you can implement the results tomorrow; the immediacy of this allows us to gain benefits that are compelling. That ability to learn and share is not so immediate in traditional environments. Organisations might ask how to make time for this – my answer is how can they afford not to?
More effective marketing
Nevertheless, senior executives are not entirely responsible for the agile disconnect. It can argued that Agile is a victim of its own marketing. It has deliberately sold itself to the individual and the team. At the macro level it has tended to either oversell the benefits or to challenge the value of a senior perspective on a project.
With a method such as PRINCE2 Agile, there is an ability to provide the right level of governance at the management level while allowing agile delivery. That means seeing the ‘big picture’ and ensuring strategic alignment while delivering iteratively and incrementally. In other words, having the best of both worlds.